Types of and Risk Factors of Hiatal Hernia

There are two major kinds of hiatus hernia:
  • The most common (95%) is the sliding hiatus hernia, where the gastroesophageal junction moves above the diaphragm together with some of the stomach.
  • The second kind is rolling (or paraesophageal) hiatus hernia, when a part of the stomach herniates through the esophageal hiatus and lies beside the esophagus, without movement of the gastroesophageal junction. It accounts for the remaining 5% of

Risk factors

The following are risk factors that can result in a hiatus hernia.
  • Increased pressure within the abdomen caused by:
    • Heavy lifting or bending over
    • Frequent or hard coughing
    • Hard sneezing
    • Pregnancy and delivery
    • Violent vomiting
    • Straining with constipation
    • Obesity (extra weight pushes down on the abdomen increasing the pressure)
  • Genetics, Nicotine, Drug use and diaphragmatic weakness
Dr. Kahlil Shillingford is a board certified surgeon in Boca Raton, Florida who is skilled at various hernia procedures.  He services the areas of coral springs, parkland, boca raton, delray beach and fort lauderdale.  He accepts medicare, medicaid and most commercial insurances including Aetna and Blue Cross/Blue Shield.  To schedule an appointment you may call 561-483-0844.
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